Since the aim of ICVERT Vocational Training is to provide the training for acquiring positive attitudes to work, practical skills, understanding and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economic and social life, linking education and training with the economic life of the society is a necessity and this link should from the basis for appropriate course design. The course and duration should depend upon the depth of knowledge, the level of skills and competencies needed for wage employment and self-employment. To identify vocational needs of a district or state and to prepare a plan for education and training in vocations relevant to the needs, socioeconomic and occupational survey should be carried out. The survey should include information about the following among others:-
1.Employment opportunities in existing as well as emerging occupations and the types and levels of skills needed in them. 2. Manpower requirements for various occupations. 3. Out turn of candidates at the Matriculation stage. 4. Infrastructural facilities available in the existing institutions, for introducing Vocational Courses. 5.Identification of coordinating institutions.
As happen else where in the Country, especially Girls, rural population, SC, ST, Minority and Disabled, Tribal educated and un educated have also implemented Vocational Training Scheme without conducting occupational surveys and started courses on arbitrary considerations.
On the basis of the district vocational surveys it may be necessary to review the existing courses. The selection of Institutions and courses to be offered in future should be made strictly on the basis of that vocational survey.
Issues on Vocational Training
1.Employability and Demand and Supply matching 2.Informal Sector’s requirement 3.Multiple skills 4.Flexibility of Course design, modularity 5.Out of School Children 6. uses of Technology 7. Linkage to local demand 8. Career guidance 9. Emerging Sectors 10. Involvement of Industry and Civil Society 11. Equity (Girls, rural population, SC, ST, Minority and Disabled, and Tribal)