ICVERT Vocational Education Council was established under article. 29 & 30(1) Constitution of India and Incorporated under the legislation of Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India. During the British period, Wood’s Dispatch of 1854 contemplated pre vocational education. Indian Education Commission (1882), popularly known as Hunter commission also recommended the introduction of practical subjects in secondary schools Mahatma Gandhi, --}} for the first time, insisted that manual and productive work should not only be an integral part of education but should center round it. The Education commission (1964-66) also recommended a 10-year schooling and diversification into two streams – academic and vocational at plus 2.
Education is an end less process needed for the development of any nation. India being one of the developing country concentrates on four aspects of youth education as maximum percent of youth are in our country and who are going to build this universe. The four central aspects of youth education are identified as: (1) lifelong learning;(2) an amplified version of basic education which includes pre-school, elementary and secondary level education; (3) links between formal and non-formal education; and (4) education for work.
First three are practiced by all the schools but the schools less concern the last one education for work. This aspect can be affected by means of vocational training.
The role of education in facilitating social and economic progress has long been recognized. Education improves functional and analytical ability and thereby opens up opportunities for individuals and also groups to achieve greater access to labour markets and livelihoods. A better educated labour force is essential if we are to meet the labour supply requirements of faster growth. Education is not only an instrument of enhancing efficiency but is also an effective tool of widening and augmenting democratic participation and upgrading the overall quality of individual and societal life.
Skills and knowledge are the engines of economic growth and social development of any country. Countries with higher and better levels of knowledge and skills respond more effectively and promptly to challenges and opportunities of globalization. India is in transition to a knowledge based economy and its competitive edge will be determined by the abilities of its people to create, share and uses ofofofo knowledge more effectively. This transition will require India to develop workers into knowledge workers who will be more flexible, analytical, adaptable and multi skilled.